Survival Skills and Equipment

5 Things to Keep you Healthy and Clean in the Wilderness

Good hygiene is critical for staying healthy. It will be a key factor for fighting off infections, illnesses and diseases. Below are various methods for staying healthy and clean if your resources have been depleted. You should consider stocking up these items when you can, just so you can be prepared .

1. Baby Wipes – If a shower is not available when camping, then make sure you have baby wipes. A wipe has it all: a cloth, soap, and moisture all in one. They are compact, light-weight, affordable, and have a fresh, clean smell.

2. Hand Sanitizer – kills 99.9% of most common germs that may cause illness, without soap or water.

3. Pocket Body Wash Leaves – cleans hard to remove gunk with very little water. You can also use them to remove any tree sap from your hands.

4. No-Water Soap –this is the soap NASA uses for all shuttle flights.

5. Disinfecting Wipes – are a great option if your pipes freeze or you lose power but you still want to disinfect your dishes, tables, & counters.

Surviving With Water

Water on its own, will help you survive and keep you alive for 10 days. Depending on your will of living and your body fat.

Short water rations:

When you are limited on water supply and you can’t replace it by chemical or mechanical means, make sure you use water efficiently. Protect fresh water supplies from seawater contamination. Keep your body well shaded, both from overhead sun and from reflection off the sea surface. Allow ventilation of air; dampen your clothes with seawater during the hottest part of the day. Do not exert yourself. Relax and sleep when possible. Fix your daily water ration after considering the amount of water you have, the output of solar stills and desalting kit and the number and physical condition of your party.

Don’t eat if you don’t have water. If your water ration is 2 litres or more per day, eat any part of your ration or any additional food that you may catch, such as birds, fish or shrimp.

Watch the clouds and be ready for any chance of showers. You should have a tarpaulin ready , for catching water. If your skin is covered with dried salt, wash it in seawater and let the rain shower you off. You can drink salty water safely for two or three days if the salt content does not exceed 2.5 g per 0.6 litres (0.09 ounces per pint). In very rough seas, you cannot get uncontaminated fresh water from rain as the spray from the waves will get into everything even your open mouth.

Water from fish:
Drink the aqueous fluid found along the spine and in the eyes of large fish. Carefully cut the fish in half or snap the spine to get at the fluid along the spine. Bite into a fish eye, spit out the cornea and swallow the liquid. If you are so short of water that you need to do this, then do not drink any of the other body fluids you may find in the fish. These other fluids are rich in protein and fat and will use up more of your reserve water in digestion than they supply.

In Arctic waters, use old sea ice for water. This ice is bluish, has rounded corners and splinters easily. It is nearly free of salt. New ice is grey, milky, hard and salty. Water from icebergs is fresh but icebergs are dangerous to approach and they can tumble over without warning. Use them as a source of water only in emergencies.

Never drink seawater. Do not drink urine. Do not drink alcohol. Do not smoke if you have limited water supplies. Do not eat unless water is available.

Sleep and rest are the best ways of enduring periods of reduced water and food intake. However, make sure that you have enough shade when sleeping during the day. Tie yourself to the raft if the sea is rough but it is a good idea to do this as a routine anyway when sleeping as the ocean can quickly change. Close any cover and ride out the storm as best you can. ‘Relax’ is the keyword — at least try to relax.

Fishing For Food

Fish is the main source of food in the open sea. There are some poisonous and dangerous ocean fish but, in general, fish are safe to eat when not feeding near reefs. Nearer the shore, especially around coral reefs, there are fish that are both dangerous and poisonous to eat.

Fish:

Do not handle fishing line with bare hands and never wrap the line around your hands or tie it to a life raft. The salt that adheres to it can make it a sharp cutting edge that is dangerous to both the raft and your hands. Wear gloves, if you have any, or use a cloth to handle fish and to avoid injury from sharp fins and gill covers. Gut and bleed fish immediately after catching them in warm regions. Cut fish that you do not eat immediately into thin, narrow strips and hang them to dry. Dried fish stays edible for several days and often fish that does not taste very good when sampled just after the fish is killed may be more palatable after a couple of days drying. Fish not cleaned and dried may spoil in half a day. The organ meat (especially the liver) is most nutritious and easily digested so eat it at once. Fish with dark meat are very prone to decomposition. If you do not eat them all immediately, do not eat any of the leftovers. Use the leftovers for bait.

Never eat fish that have pale, shiny gills, sunken eyes, flabby skin and flesh or an unpleasant odour. Good fish show the opposite characteristics. Sea fish have a saltwater or clean “fishy” odour. Do not confuse eels with sea snakes that have an obviously scaly body and strongly compressed, paddle–shaped tail. Both eels and sea snakes are edible, but you must handle the latter with care because their venom is fatal. The heart, blood, intestinal wall and liver of most fish are edible. Also edible are the partly digested smaller fish that you may find in the stomachs of large fish, wash these first with seawater and then fresh water.

Fishing aids:
Fishing line. Use pieces of tarpaulin or canvas. Unravel the threads and tie them together in short lengths in groups of three or more threads. Shoelaces and parachute suspension line also work well.

Fish hooks. No survivor in a life raft should be without fishing equipment, but if you are, improvise hooks from any workable metal. It is even possible to make a fish hook out of the plastic casing from a ballpoint pen. Necessity being the mother of invention.

Fish lures. You can fashion lures by attaching a double hook to any shiny piece of metal.

Grappling hooks. Use grapples to hook seaweed. You may shake crabs, shrimp or small fish out of the seaweed. These you may eat or use for bait. You may eat seaweed itself but only when you have plenty of drinking water. Improvise grapples from wood. Use a heavy piece of wood as the main shaft and lash three smaller pieces to the shaft as grapples.

Bait. You can use small fish as bait for larger ones. Scoop the small fish up with a net. If you don’t have a net, make one from cloth of some type (like the arm from a shirt). Hold the net under the water and scoop upward. Use all the guts from birds and fish for bait. When using bait, try to keep it moving in the water to give it the appearance of being alive. Do not throw bait into the water if there are sharks around.

Fish at night using a light. The light attracts fish. Even the luminous glow of a wristwatch is effective but be wary of placing a hand into the water at night because of the risk of attack by sharks, moray eels, etc.

Daytime shade attracts some fish. You may find them under your raft because it becomes an island. As barnacles and weed grow on the base of the raft, it will become habitat for marine life. Fish like trigger fish and dorados will thump the bottom of the raft as they feed on barnacles and smaller fish. You have to learn to put up with this constant intrusion.

Improvise a spear by tying a knife to an oar blade. This spear can help you catch larger fish but you must get them into the raft quickly or they will slip off the blade. Also, lash the knife very securely to the shaft or you will lose it. Fish will be attracted to the raft and the best way of spearing them is to hang over the entrance to the raft and get them as they swim directly below you. Spearing directly down reduces the problems of refraction but you need to have great patience waiting for the shot and you need to move very fast to spear a fish. If you get a large fish, reach down, hold onto the handle of your knife and the fish then haul the fish aboard. The speared fish will fight and you have to develop a good technique to deal with it. Have some cloth ready to wrap it in and you need something hard to put beneath it. Stab into its spine to break it and hold onto the fish until you see its eyes glaze.

Always take care of your fishing equipment. Dry your fishing lines, clean and sharpen the hooks and do not allow the hooks to stick into the fishing lines. If you have made a spear, check the lashing every time you use it and after every catch.

Detecting land When lost at Sea

You should watch carefully for any signs of land. There are many indicators that land is near. A fixed cumulus cloud in a clear sky often hovers over or slightly downwind from an island.

If you are in the tropics, the reflection of sunlight from shallow lagoons or shelves of coral reefs often cause a greenish tint in the sky.

In arctic waters, light colored reflections on clouds often indicate ice fields or snow covered land. These reflections are quite different from the dark grey ones caused by open water. Deep water is dark green or dark blue. Lighter color indicates shallower water, which may mean land is near.

At night, in fog, mist or rain, you may detect land by odors and sounds. The musty odor of mangrove swamps and mud flats carries a long way. You hear the roar of surf long before you see the surf. The continued cries of seabirds coming from one direction indicate their roosting place is on nearby land.

There usually are more birds near land than over the open sea. The direction from which flocks fly at dawn and to which they fly at dusk may indicate the direction of land. Birds are searching for food during the day and the direction of flight has no significance.

Mirages occur at any latitude but they are more likely in the tropics, especially during the middle of the day. Be careful not to mistake a mirage for nearby land. A mirage disappears or its appearance and elevation changes when viewed from slightly different heights.

You may be able to detect land by the pattern of the waves as they approach land.

6 Urban Shelters to Keep You Safe 

5 Steps to Protect Against Home Invasion 

Winter Bug Out Tips 

WINTER BUG OUT TIPS

Winter brings more challenges which people must learn to survive it when it hits.  You should be careful not to catch Hypothermia, frostbite or any lack of food supply can be bad for your health.

Using this article will help you prepare for a harsh winter that could happen in your area.

Choosing A Perfect Winter Bug Out Location is important.  Make sure you have a hidden, defendable location.  Make Sure you can get some shelter in your location.  Make sure there are natural food sources around.  Make sure its easily accessible to leave when you need to. Make sure you can survive there for a year.

Long Term Survival Tips and Planning

Is your location able to support that many people in the long term?  You should Plan food stock for more people then you plan to bring.   Learn to be a wilderness survivalist. Learn how to hunt, fish, and how to garden.  You should be also hide supplies nearby.

Choose food supplies which can last for a long time, like years and still be able to eat  when needed.   Supplement with dehydrated meals from your short-term kit.  When you hunt or fish, you can use that .  But don’t depend on just hunting and fishing.  Natural disasters could affect wildlife too.

You should be prepared for  extreme weather.  The minus temps and wind chill factors can be deadly.  Use any type of bedding for below freezing weather.  Wool is perfect because it can dry up quickly if wet. Your emergency shelter should be a tent to where you have to camp out before you reach your destination.

Carry with you Snowshoes, etc. in case roads are blocked. This would also include framed packs for transporting stuff or use a sled.

Hunting and fishing gear if available: Guns and ammo or other hunting tools such as a bow.  Fishing line with hooks are needed if you have access to a river or lake.  You should have guns for  protection.  A fishing line can also be used to create trip-line to help protect your base.

Adjust the information here to your location and consider aspects of your bug out sites, such as altitude and winter access.

 

Emergency Preparedness: Tools to Help You Stay Organized

In virtually any situation, staying organized can make things much easier. Having an organized emergency preparedness plan and supplies could literally save your life should disaster ever strike.

Here are some tips and tools to help you organize your emergency preparations.

Write Out Your Plan

First of all, you want to organize your thoughts. The best way to do this is to write out your emergency plan. Not only will it help you think it through, but it will also help you crack down on details and get everyone involved on the same page.

Don’t forget to include different scenarios in your plans for emergencies. Make a plan for every situation you can think of: fires, floods, tornadoes, power outages, nearby industrial accidents, and whatever else comes to mind – including anything which is more likely to happen because of the climate in your area (such as snowstorms).

Set That Plan into Motion

Once you have a plan, you can set your plan into motion by making preparations as needed. For example, get all of your survival equipment ready including emergency items in the house, in the car, etc.

Lists for Everything

To keep track of what you have done, what needs to be done, and what or where everything is, never underestimate the usefulness of a detailed list.

Inventory: Keep a running inventory list for your emergency food and water rations, first aid kit, and other supplies. Include expiration dates and make changes to the list as items are used, removed, or replaced.

Emergency information: Remember to keep a list of medical information, medications, emergency contacts, and any other useful information. Not only will lists like this help you keep everything straight in the chaotic aftermath of a major event, but it will also help emergency services should you be unable to talk.

Specialize a Space

In your car, office, home, and wherever else you might be during a crisis, specialize a space for your emergency supplies. Have a bag in your car or office, and designate a pantry, shelf, or other area at home for emergency water and food rations and other supplies.

Contain It

Especially when storing food, make sure that all items are safely and hygienically contained in airtight bags or containers. Have extra containers on standby for any cans, boxes, or bags that are opened for use. Keep everything as neatly contained as possible so you can keep track of and locate items you need.

Label It

Label all of your supplies clearly. When an emergency occurs, you might not have the time or frame of mind to dig through a mess to look for small items. Also label items with expiration dates and ìdate openedî so that you can avoid waste and keep supplies fresh.

Maintain It

Save time, money, and trouble by maintaining all of your hard-earned organization. Keep everything as clean as possible, and rotate supplies so nothing is expired when you need it most.

A little organization can go a long way, especially in an emergency situation. You can boost your preparations by following these tips and ideas for organizing your emergency plans and supplies.

How to Survive without Electricity

If our ancestors managed to survive without electricity then you will be able to as well. It’s all about determination and ingenuity.

Here are 5 tips on surviving without electricity

1. Solar Panels

You could easily install solar panels to harness the power of the sun.

2. Wood Stove

Its best to install a wood stove in your home if you are planning on going off the grid. You could use propane or butane camping stoves to act like a gas stove.

3. Plant your own Garden

Grow your own supply of vegetables and fruits which will grow all through out the year. This way you will have a sure supply of food all year around.

4. Farm

Raise your own livestock, such as chickens, goats, cows and pigs are top choices to start a farm and will provide you with survival essentials such as eggs and meat, and milk.

5. Laundry

Hand wash your clothes instead of using the washing machine. The positive outcome is that you can have clean clothes, dried and ready in a day. If you want to clean whites, make sure you boil the water and throw in the whites to get rid of that dirt.